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5 [five]

Countries and Languages


5 [πέντε]

Χώρες και γλώσσες


John is from London.
Ο Τζον είναι από το Λονδίνο.
O Tzon eínai apó to Londíno.
London is in Great Britain.
Το Λονδίνο βρίσκεται στη Μεγάλη Βρετανία.
To Londíno vrísketai sti Megáli Vretanía.
He speaks English.
Αυτός μιλάει αγγλικά.
Aftós miláei angliká.
Maria is from Madrid.
Η Μαρία είναι από τη Μαδρίτη.
I María eínai apó ti Madríti.
Madrid is in Spain.
Η Μαδρίτη βρίσκεται στην Ισπανία.
I Madríti vrísketai stin Ispanía.
She speaks Spanish.
Αυτή μιλάει ισπανικά.
Aftí miláei ispaniká.
Peter and Martha are from Berlin.
Ο Πέτερ και η Μάρτα είναι από το Βερολίνο.
O Péter kai i Márta eínai apó to Verolíno.
Berlin is in Germany.
Το Βερολίνο βρίσκεται στη Γερμανία.
To Verolíno vrísketai sti Germanía.
Do both of you speak German?
Μιλάτε και οι δύο γερμανικά;
Miláte kai oi dýo germaniká?
London is a capital city.
Το Λονδίνο είναι πρωτεύουσα.
To Londíno eínai protévousa.
Madrid and Berlin are also capital cities.
Η Μαδρίτη και το Βερολίνο είναι επίσης πρωτεύουσες.
I Madríti kai to Verolíno eínai epísis protévouses.
Capital cities are big and noisy.
Οι πρωτεύουσες είναι μεγάλες και θορυβώδεις.
Oi protévouses eínai megáles kai thoryvódeis.
France is in Europe.
Η Γαλλία βρίσκεται στην Ευρώπη.
I Gallía vrísketai stin Evrópi.
Egypt is in Africa.
Η Αίγυπτος βρίσκεται στην Αφρική.
I Aígyptos vrísketai stin Afrikí.
Japan is in Asia.
Η Ιαπωνία βρίσκεται στην Ασία.
I Iaponía vrísketai stin Asía.
Canada is in North America.
Ο Καναδάς βρίσκεται στη Βόρεια Αμερική.
O Kanadás vrísketai sti Vóreia Amerikí.
Panama is in Central America.
Ο Παναμάς βρίσκεται στην Κεντρική Αμερική.
O Panamás vrísketai stin Kentrikí Amerikí.
Brazil is in South America.
Η Βραζιλία βρίσκεται στη Νότια Αμερική.
I Vrazilía vrísketai sti Nótia Amerikí.

Languages and dialects

There are 6,000 to 7,000 different languages worldwide. The number of dialects is of course much higher. But what is the difference between language and dialect? Dialects always have a clearly localized tone. They belong to the regional language varieties. This means dialects are a language form with the narrowest reach. As a general rule, dialects are only spoken, not written. They form their own linguistic system. And they follow their own rules. Theoretically, every language can have several dialects. All dialects fall under the standard language of a country. The standard language is understood by all the people of a country. With it, even speakers of different dialects can communicate with each other. Almost all dialects are becoming less important. You hardly hear dialects being spoken in cities anymore. The standard language is usually spoken at work as well. Therefore, dialect speakers are often said to be simple and uneducated. And yet they can be found at all social levels. So dialect speakers are no less intelligent than others. Quite the opposite! Those who speak in dialect have many advantages. In a language course, for example. Dialect speakers know that there are different linguistic forms. And they have learned to switch quickly between linguistic styles. Therefore, dialect speakers possess a higher competence for variation. They can sense which linguistic style fits with a certain situation. This has even been scientifically proven. So: Have courage in using dialect – it's worth it!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the South Slavic languages. About 10 million people speak ______. The majority of those people, of course, live in ********. ______ is spoken in other countries as well, however. Among those are Ukraine and Moldova. ______ is one of the oldest documented Slavic languages. It has many specific features too. The similarity to Albanian and Romanian is striking.

These languages are not Slavic languages. There are many parallels nevertheless. Therefore, all of these languages are also denoted as Balkan languages. They have a lot in common, although they are not related to each other. ______ verbs can take on many forms. There is also no infinitive in ______. If you want to learn this interesting language you will soon discover many new things!


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book2 English UK - Greek for beginners