The world in which we live changes every day. As a result, our language can never stagnate. It continues to develop with us and is therefore dynamic. This change can affect all areas of a language. That is to say, it can apply to various aspects. Phonological change affects the sound system of a language. With semantic change, the meaning of words change. Lexical change involves changes to vocabulary. Grammatical change alters grammatical structures. The reasons for linguistic change are varied. Often economic reasons exist. Speakers or writers want to save time or effort. Such being the case, they simplify their speech. Innovations can also promote language change. That is the case, for instance, when new things are invented. These things need names, so new words emerge. Language change is typically not planned. It is a natural process and often happens automatically. But speakers can also vary their language quite consciously. They do that when they want to achieve a certain effect. The influence of foreign languages also promotes language change. This becomes particularly obvious in times of globalization. The English language influences other languages more than any other. You can find English words in almost every language. They are called Anglicisms. Language change has been criticized or feared since ancient times. At the same time, language change is a positive sign. Because it proves: Our language is alive – just like us!
______ is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages.
It is spoken natively by 130 million people.
The majority of those people live in Pakistan.
However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of ******.
______ is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan.
It is different in India because there the language holds an official status.
______ is written in its own script.
It also has a very long literary tradition.
Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old.
______ is also very interesting from a phonological point of view.
This is because it is a tonal language.
In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning.
In ______, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches.
That is very unusual for Indo-European languages.
That makes ______ that much more appealing!