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23 [twenty-three]

Learning foreign languages
23 [dvacet tři]

Studium cizích jazyků
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Where did you learn Spanish?
Can you also speak Portuguese?
Yes, and I also speak some Italian.
 
I think you speak very well.
The languages are quite similar.
I can understand them well.
 
But speaking and writing is difficult.
I still make many mistakes.
Please correct me each time.
 
Your pronunciation is very good.
You only have a slight accent.
One can tell where you come from.
 
What is your mother tongue / native language (am.)?
Are you taking a language course?
Which textbook are you using?
 
I don’t remember the name right now.
The title is not coming to me.
I’ve forgotten it.
 


Germanic Languages

The Germanic languages belong to the Indo-European language family. This linguistic group is characterized by its phonological features. Differences in the phonology distinguish these languages from others. There are about 15 Germanic languages. 500 million people worldwide speak them as their native tongue. The exact number of individual languages is difficult to determine. It is often unclear whether independent languages or only dialects exist. The most prominent Germanic language is English. It has 350 million native speakers worldwide. After that come German and Dutch. The Germanic languages are divided into different groups. There are North Germanic, West Germanic, and East Germanic. North Germanic languages are the Scandinavian languages. English, German and Dutch are West Germanic languages. The East Germanic languages have all become extinct. Old English, for example, belonged to this group. Colonization spread Germanic languages across the world. As a result, Dutch is understood in the Caribbean and in South Africa. All Germanic languages are derived from a common root. Whether or not there was a uniform proto-language is unclear. Besides that, only a few old Germanic texts exist. Unlike the Romance languages, there are hardly any sources. Research of the Germanic languages is more difficult as a result. Relatively little is also known about the culture of the Germanic people, or Teutons. The people of the Teutons did not unite. As a result there was no common identity. Therefore, science has to rely on other sources. Without Greeks and Romans, we would only know a little about the Teutons!

Guess the language!

______ is a member of the Dravidian language family. These languages are primarily spoken in southern India. ______ is not related to the Indo-Aryan languages of northern India. Approximately 40 million people speak ______ as their native language. It is recognized as one of the 22 national languages of India. ______ is an agglutinating language. That means that grammatical functions are expressed by affixes. The language is divided into four regional dialect groups.

The dialect indicates where the speakers come from. Additionally, their social class can also be identified based on their language. Spoken and written ______ differ from one another. Like many other Indian languages, ______ has its own writing system. It is a hybrid of alphabet and syllabic writing. It consists of many round symbols, which is typical for southern Indian writing systems. And it is really a lot of fun to learn these beautiful letters.

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