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12 [twelve]

Beverages
12 [dvanáct]

Nápoje
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I drink tea.
I drink coffee.
I drink mineral water.
 
Do you drink tea with lemon?
Do you drink coffee with sugar?
Do you drink water with ice?
 
There is a party here.
People are drinking champagne.
People are drinking wine and beer.
 
Do you drink alcohol?
Do you drink whisky / whiskey (am.)?
Do you drink Coke with rum?
 
I do not like champagne.
I do not like wine.
I do not like beer.
 
The baby likes milk.
The child likes cocoa and apple juice.
The woman likes orange and grapefruit juice.
 


Signs as language

People created languages in order to communicate. Even the deaf or hard of hearing have their own language. It's sign language, the basic language of all hearing impaired people. It is made up of combined symbols. This makes it a visual language, or "visible". So is sign language understood on an international level? No, even signing has different national languages. Every country has its own sign language. And it is influenced by the culture of the country. Because language always evolves from culture. This is also true with languages that aren't spoken. There is, however, an international sign language. But its signs are somewhat more complicated. Nevertheless, national sign languages do resemble one another. Many signs are iconic. They are oriented towards the form of the objects they represent. The most widely used sign language is American Sign Language. Sign languages are recognized as fully-fledged languages. They have their own grammar. But it is different from the grammar of spoken languages. As a result, sign language can't be translated word for word. There are, however, sign language interpreters. Information is simultaneously communicated with sign language. That means that a single sign can express a whole sentence. There are also dialects in sign language. Regional particularities have their own signs. And every sign language has its own intonation. It's true for signs too: Our accent reveals our origin!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the constructed languages. Constructed languages are deliberately created, so they follow a clear plan. Elements from different languages are mixed in the process. In this way, constructed languages should be easy to learn for as many people as possible. ______ was first introduced in Warsaw in 1887. Its founder was the doctor Ludwik L. Zamenhof (pseudonym: Dr. ______, the Hopeful) He believed that communication problems were the main cause of unhappiness. Therefore, he wanted to create a neutral language that brought people together.

Today ______ is the most well-known constructed language in the world. It is also associated with goals like tolerance and civil rights. ______ is largely Indo-European oriented. The majority of the vocabulary, for example, is originally Romanian. People in more than 120 countries are proficient in the language. They get together regularly in clubs and at international conventions. Learn ______ and find new friends!

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