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96 [ninety-six]

Conjunctions 3

 


৯৬ [ছিয়ানব্বই]

সংযোগকারী অব্যয় ৩

 

 
I get up as soon as the alarm rings.
ঘড়ীতে অ্যালার্ম বাজবার সঙ্গে সঙ্গে আমি উঠে পড়ি ৷
Ghaṛītē ayālārma bājabāra saṅgē saṅgē āmi uṭhē paṛi
I become tired as soon as I have to study.
যখনই আমি পড়া শুরু করি তখনই সঙ্গে সঙ্গে আমি ক্লান্ত হয়ে পড়ি ৷
Yakhana´i āmi paṛā śuru kari takhana´i saṅgē saṅgē āmi klānta haẏē paṛi
I will stop working as soon as I am 60.
যখনই আমি ৬০ বছরের হয়ে যাব সঙ্গে সঙ্গে আমি কাজ করা বন্ধ করে দেব ৷
Yakhana´i āmi 60 bacharēra haẏē yāba saṅgē saṅgē āmi kāja karā bandha karē dēba
 
 
 
 
When will you call?
আপনি কখন ফোন করবেন?
Āpani kakhana phōna karabēna?
As soon as I have a moment.
যখনই আমি কোনো সময় পাব ৷
Yakhana´i āmi kōnō samaẏa pāba
He’ll call, as soon as he has a little time.
যখনই সে একটু সময় পাবে তখনই সঙ্গে সঙ্গে সে ফোন করবে ৷
Yakhana´i sē ēkaṭu samaẏa pābē takhana´i saṅgē saṅgē sē phōna karabē
 
 
 
 
How long will you work?
আপনি কতক্ষণ কাজ করবেন?
Āpani katakṣaṇa kāja karabēna?
I’ll work as long as I can.
যতক্ষণ আমি পারব ততক্ষণ কাজ করব ৷
Yatakṣaṇa āmi pāraba tatakṣaṇa kāja karaba
I’ll work as long as I am healthy.
আমি যতদিন সুস্থ থাকব, ততদিন কাজ করব ৷
Āmi yatadina sustha thākaba, tatadina kāja karaba
 
 
 
 
He lies in bed instead of working.
সে কাজ করবার পরিবর্তে বিছানায় শুয়ে থাকে ৷
Sē kāja karabāra paribartē bichānāẏa śuẏē thākē
She reads the newspaper instead of cooking.
সে রান্না করবার পরিবর্তে খবরের কাগজ পড়ে ৷
Sē rānnā karabāra paribartē khabarēra kāgaja paṛē
He is at the bar instead of going home.
সে ঘরে যাবার পরিবর্তে মদের দোকানে বসে আছে ৷
Sē gharē yābāra paribartē madēra dōkānē basē āchē
 
 
 
 
As far as I know, he lives here.
আমি যতদূর জানি সে এখানে থাকে ৷
Āmi yatadūra jāni sē ēkhānē thākē
As far as I know, his wife is ill.
আমি যতদূর জানি তার স্ত্রী অসুস্থ ৷
Āmi yatadūra jāni tāra strī asustha
As far as I know, he is unemployed.
আমি যতদূর জানি সে বেকার ৷
Āmi yatadūra jāni sē bēkāra
 
 
 
 
I overslept; otherwise I’d have been on time.
আমি ঘুমিয়ে পড়েছিলাম, তা না হলে আমি ঠিক সময়ে পৌঁছে যেতাম ৷
Āmi ghumiẏē paṛēchilāma, tā nā halē āmi ṭhika samaẏē paum̐chē yētāma
I missed the bus; otherwise I’d have been on time.
আমি বাসটা ধরতে পারিনি, তা না হলে আমি ঠিক সময়ে পৌঁছে যেতাম ৷
Āmi bāsaṭā dharatē pārini, tā nā halē āmi ṭhika samaẏē paum̐chē yētāma
I didn’t find the way / I got lost; otherwise I’d have been on time.
আমি রাস্তা খুঁজে পাইনি, তানাহলে ঠিক সময়ে পৌঁছে যেতাম।
Āmi rāstā khum̐jē pā´ini, tānāhalē ṭhika samaẏē paum̐chē yētāma.
 
 
 
 
 

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Language and math

Thinking and speech go together. They influence one another. Linguistic structures influence the structures of our thinking. In some languages, for example, there are no words for numbers. The speakers do not understand the concept of numbers. So math and language also go together in some way. Grammatical and mathematical structures are often similar. Some researchers believe that they are also processed similarly. They believe that the speech centre is also responsible for math. It can help the brain to perform calculations. Recent studies are coming to another conclusion, however. They show that our brain processes math without speech. Researchers studied three men. The brains of these test subjects were injured. As a result, the speech centre was also damaged. The men had big problems with speaking. They could no longer formulate simple sentences. They couldn't understand words either. After the speech test the men had to solve math problems. A few of these mathematical puzzles were very complex. Even so, the test subjects could solve them! The results of this study are very interesting. They show that math is not encoded with words. It's possible that language and math have the same basis. Both are processed from the same centre. But math doesn't have to be translated into speech first. Perhaps language and math develop together too... Then when the brain has finished developing, they exist separately!

Guess the language!

______ian is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 5 million people. It is very closely related to the neighboring Czech. This is due to their mutual past in former Czecho______ia. The vocabulary of the two languages is largely identical. The differences are primarily in the phonology. ______ian emerged in the 10th century in the form of multiple dialects. It was then influenced by neighboring languages over a long period of time.

Today's standard language was not established until the 19th century. Some elements could thus be simplified compared to those in Czech. The many different dialects have been upheld until today though. ______ian is written with the Latin alphabet. And it is the language that is easiest to understand for other Slavic speakers. It could be said that ______ian is a type of intermediate language in the Slavic region. This is a good reason to grapple with this beautiful language.

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