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95 [ninety-five]

Conjunctions 2


৯৫ [পঁচানব্বই]

সংযোগকারী অব্যয় ২


Since when is she no longer working?
কবে থেকে ও আর কাজ করছে না?
kabē thēkē ō āra kāja karachē nā?
Since her marriage?
ওর বিয়ে হবার পর থেকে?
Ōra biẏē habāra para thēkē?
Yes, she is no longer working since she got married.
হাঁ, ওর বিয়ে হবার পর থেকেই ও আর কাজ করছে না ৷
Hām̐, ōra biẏē habāra para thēkē'i ō āra kāja karachē nā
Since she got married, she’s no longer working.
যখন থেকে ওর বিয়ে হয়েছে তথন থেকেই ও আর কাজ করছে না ৷
yakhana thēkē ōra biẏē haẏēchē tathana thēkē'i ō āra kāja karachē nā
Since they have met each other, they are happy.
যখন থেকে ওরা একে অপরের সঙ্গে মিলিত হয়েছে,তখন থেকে ওরা খুশী আছে ৷
yakhana thēkē ōrā ēkē aparēra saṅgē milita haẏēchē,takhana thēkē ōrā khuśī āchē
Since they have had children, they rarely go out.
যখন থেকে ওদের বাচ্চা হয়েছে, ওরা খুব কম বাইরে যায় ৷
yakhana thēkē ōdēra bāccā haẏēchē, ōrā khuba kama bā'irē yāẏa
When does she call?
সে কখন ফোন করবে?
sē kakhana phōna karabē?
When driving?
গাড়ী চালানোর সময়?
Gāṛī cālānōra samaẏa?
Yes, when she is driving.
হাঁ, যখন ও (মেয়ে) গাড়ী চালাবে ৷
Hām̐, yakhana ō (mēẏē) gāṛī cālābē
She calls while she drives.
যখন সে (মেয়ে) গাড়ী চালায় তখন সে ফোন করে ৷
yakhana sē (mēẏē) gāṛī cālāẏa takhana sē phōna karē
She watches TV while she irons.
যখন সে (মেয়ে) ইস্ত্রি করে তখন সে টিভি দেখে ৷
yakhana sē (mēẏē) istri karē takhana sē ṭibhi dēkhē
She listens to music while she does her work.
যখন সে (মেয়ে) কাজ করে তখন সে গান শোনে ৷
yakhana sē (mēẏē) kāja karē takhana sē gāna śōnē
I can’t see anything when I don’t have glasses.
যখন আমার চশমা থাকে না তখন আমি কিছু দেখতে পাই না ৷
yakhana āmāra caśamā thākē nā takhana āmi kichu dēkhatē pā'i nā
I can’t understand anything when the music is so loud.
যখন খুব জোরে গান বাজে তখন আমি কিছু বুঝতে পারি না ৷
yakhana khuba jōrē gāna bājē takhana āmi kichu bujhatē pāri nā
I can’t smell anything when I have a cold.
যখন আমার সর্দি হয় তখন আমি কোনো গন্ধ পাই না ৷
yakhana āmāra sardi haẏa takhana āmi kōnō gandha pā'i nā
We’ll take a taxi if it rains.
যদি বৃষ্টি হয় তাহলে আমরা ট্যাক্সি নিয়ে নেব ৷
yadi br̥ṣṭi haẏa tāhalē āmarā ṭyāksi niẏē nēba
We’ll travel around the world if we win the lottery.
যদি আমরা লটারিটা জিতে যাই তাহলে আমরা সারা পৃথিবী ঘুরে বেড়াবো ৷
yadi āmarā laṭāriṭā jitē yā'i tāhalē āmarā sārā pr̥thibī ghurē bēṛābō
We’ll start eating if he doesn’t come soon.
যদি সে তাড়াতাড়ি না আসে তাহলে আমরা খাওয়া শুরু করব ৷
yadi sē tāṛātāṛi nā āsē tāhalē āmarā khā'ōẏā śuru karaba

The languages of the European Union

Today the European Union consists of more than 25 countries. In the future, even more countries will belong to the EU. A new country usually means a new language as well. Currently, more than 20 different languages are spoken in the EU. All languages in the European Union are equal. This variety of languages is fascinating. But it can lead to problems as well. Skeptics believe that the many languages are an obstacle for the EU. They hinder efficient collaboration. Many think, therefore, that there should be a common language. All countries should be able to communicate with this language. But it's not that easy. No language can be named the one official language. The other countries would feel disadvantaged. And there isn't a truly neutral language in Europe… An artificial language such as Esperanto wouldn't work either. Because the culture of a country is always reflected in the language. Therefore, no country wants to relinquish its language. The countries see a part of their identity in their language. Language policy is an important item on the EU's agenda. There is even a commissioner for multilingualism. The EU has the most translators and interpreters worldwide. Around 3,500 people work to make an agreement possible. Nevertheless, not all documents can always be translated. That would take too much time and cost too much money. Most documents are only translated into a few languages. The many languages are one of the biggest challenges of the EU. Europe should unite, without losing its many identities!

Guess the language!

______an is the native language of about 12 million people. The majority of those people live in ______a and other countries in southeastern Europe. ______an is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is closely related to Croatian and Bosnian. The grammar and vocabulary are very similar. Such being the case, it is easy for ______ans, Croatians, and Bosnians to understand each other. The ______an alphabet contains 30 letters. Each one has a distinct pronunciation.

Parallels to ancient tonal languages can be found in the intonation. In Chinese, for example, the pitch of the syllables changes with the meaning. That is similar to ______an. However, in this case only the pitch of the accented syllable plays a role. The strongly inflectional language structure is another hallmark of ______an. That means that nouns, verbs, adjectives and pronouns are always inflected. If you are interested in grammatical structures, you should definitely learn ______an!


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