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68 [sixty-eight]

big – small


৬৮ [আটষট্টি]

বড় – ছোট


big and small
বড় এবং ছোট
baṛa ēbaṁ chōṭa
The elephant is big.
হাতি বড় ৷
hāti baṛa
The mouse is small.
ইঁদুর ছোট ৷
im̐dura chōṭa
dark and bright
অন্ধকার এবং উজ্বল
andhakāra ēbaṁ ujbala
The night is dark.
রাত অন্ধকার হয় ৷
rāta andhakāra haẏa
The day is bright.
দিন উজ্বল হয় ৷
dina ujbala haẏa
old and young
বৃদ্ধ / বৃদ্ধা এবং যুবক / যুবতী
br̥d'dha / br̥d'dhā ēbaṁ yubaka / yubatī
Our grandfather is very old.
আমাদের ঠাকুরদা / দাদু খুবই বৃদ্ধ ৷
āmādēra ṭhākuradā / dādu khuba'i br̥d'dha
70 years ago he was still young.
৭০ বছর আগে সে যুবক ছিল ৷
70 bachara āgē sē yubaka chila
beautiful and ugly
সুন্দর এবং কুৎসিত
sundara ēbaṁ kuṯsita
The butterfly is beautiful.
প্রজাপতি সুন্দর হয় ৷
prajāpati sundara haẏa
The spider is ugly.
মাকড়সা কুৎসিত হয় ৷
mākaṛasā kuṯsita haẏa
fat and thin
মোটা এবং রোগা
mōṭā ēbaṁ rōgā
A woman who weighs a hundred kilos is fat.
যে মহিলার ওজন ১০০ কেজি তিনি মোটা ৷
yē mahilāra ōjana 100 kēji tini mōṭā
A man who weighs fifty kilos is thin.
যে পুরুষের ওজন ৫০ কেজি তিনি রোগা ৷
yē puruṣēra ōjana 50 kēji tini rōgā
expensive and cheap
দামী এবং সস্তা
dāmī ēbaṁ sastā
The car is expensive.
গাড়ীটা দামী ৷
gāṛīṭā dāmī
The newspaper is cheap.
খবরের কাগজটি সস্তা ৷
khabarēra kāgajaṭi sastā


More and more people are growing up bilingual. They can speak more than one language. Many of these people often switch languages. They decide which language to use depending on the situation. For example, they speak a different language at work than at home. By doing so, they adapt themselves to their environment. But there is also the possibility of switching languages spontaneously. This phenomenon is called code-switching. In code-switching, the language gets switched in the middle of speaking. There could be many reasons why speakers switch languages. Often, they don't find the appropriate word in one language. They can express themselves better in the other language. It can also be that the speaker feels more confident in one of the languages. They use this language for private or personal things. Sometimes a certain word doesn't exist in a language. In this case the speaker must switch languages. Or they switch languages so that they aren't understood. In that case code-switching works like a secret language. Earlier, mixing languages was criticized. It was thought that the speaker couldn't speak either language correctly. Today it is viewed differently. Code-switching is recognized as a special linguistic competence. It can be interesting to observe speakers using code-switching. Often, they don't just switch the language they're speaking. Other communicative elements change as well. Many speak faster, louder or more accentuated in the other language. Or they suddenly use more gestures and facial expressions. In this way, code-switching is always a little bit of culture-switching too…

Guess the language!

Finnish is the native language of approximately 5 million people. It is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is closely related to Estonian, and very distantly related to Hungarian. As a Uralic language, it strongly differentiates itself from the Indo-Germanic languages. An example of this is its agglutinating language structure. That means that grammatical functions are expressed through suffixed syllables. This is how long words originate that are so typical for Finnish. Another hallmark of Finnish is its many vowels.

Finnish grammar distinguishes between 15 different cases. It is important to clearly separate long and short sounds in the intonation. Written and spoken Finnish are noticeably different from each other. This phenomenon is less pronounced in other European languages. All of this makes Finnish not especially easy. But all rules are consistently upheld. And the nice thing about Finnish is that it is so completely logical!


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