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46 [forty-six]

In the discotheque

 


46 [тIокIитIурэ хырэ]

Дискотекэм

 

 
Is this seat taken?
Мыщ дэжьым зи щысба?
Myshh djezh'ym zi shhysba?
May I sit with you?
СыкъыбготIысхьэмэ хъущта?
SykybgotIysh'jemje hushhta?
Sure.
Сигуапэ.
Siguapje.
 
 
 
 
How do you like the music?
Музыкэм сыдэущтэу ухаплъэра?
Muzykjem sydjeushhtjeu uhapljera?
A little too loud.
ТIэкIу лъэшыIо.
TIjekIu ljeshyIo.
But the band plays very well.
Ау дэгъоу къырагъаIо.
Au djegou kyragaIo.
 
 
 
 
Do you come here often?
Мыщ бэрэ укъэкIуа?
Myshh bjerje ukjekIua?
No, this is the first time.
Хьау, мыр апэрэ.
H'au, myr apjerje.
I’ve never been here before.
Мыщ джыри зыпарэкIи сыщыIагъэп.
Myshh dzhyri zyparjekIi syshhyIagjep.
 
 
 
 
Would you like to dance?
Укъэшъуа?
Ukjeshua?
Maybe later.
ТIэкIу шIэмэ арынкIи мэхъу.
TIjekIu shIjemje arynkIi mjehu.
I can’t dance very well.
Сэ дэгъу дэдэу сыкъэшъошъурэп.
Sje djegu djedjeu sykjeshoshurjep.
 
 
 
 
It’s very easy.
Ар псынкIэ дэд.
Ar psynkIje djed.
I’ll show you.
Сэ къыозгъэлъэгъущт.
Sje kyozgjeljegushht.
No, maybe some other time.
Хьау, етIанэ зэгорэм.
H'au, etIanje zjegorjem.
 
 
 
 
Are you waiting for someone?
Зыгорэм упэплъа?
Zygorjem upjepla?
Yes, for my boyfriend.
Ары, синыбджэгъу (сыпэплъэ).
Ary, sinybdzhjegu (sypjeplje).
There he is!
Мары къэсыгъ!
Mary kjesyg!
 
 
 
 
 

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Genes influence language

The language we speak is dependent on our ancestry. But our genes are also responsible for our language. Scottish researchers have come to this conclusion. They examined how English differs from Chinese. In doing so they discovered that genes play a role, too. Because genes influence the development of our brain. That is to say, they shape our brain structures. With this, our ability to learn languages is determined. Variants of two genes are crucial to this. If a particular variant is scarce, tonal languages develop. So tonal languages are spoken by people without these gene variants. In tonal languages, the meaning of words is determined by the pitch of the tones. Chinese is included in the tonal languages, for example. If this gene variant is dominant, however, other languages develop. English is not a tonal language. The variants of this gene are not evenly distributed. That means they occur with differing frequency in the world. But languages only survive if they are passed down. In order to do this, children must be able to imitate the language of their parents. So they must be able to learn the language well. Only then will it be passed down from generation to generation. The older gene variant is the one that promotes tonal languages. So there were probably more tonal languages in the past than there are today. But one mustn't overestimate the genetic components. They can only add to explaining the development of languages. But there isn't a gene for English, or a gene for Chinese. Anybody can learn any language. You don't need genes for that, but rather only curiosity and discipline!

 


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